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What are graphic organisers?
Graphic organisers are visual representations of knowledge, concepts and/or ideas that:
  • assist in organising thoughts
  • help clarify information
  • enhance recall
  • provide motivation
  • create interest
  • promote understanding

Why should I use graphic organisers?
Three very good reasons why graphic organiser should be used:
  1. Students are more likely to remember and understand the content being learned
  2. The organisers help separate what is important to know from what is interesting but not essential
  3. Students are strategic learners. Communication skills, analytical, critical, and creative thinking skills will improve when students learn to recognise these patterns of thinking and are able to construct and effectively use graphic organisers

When should I use graphic organisers?
  • external image th_LER5399.jpgIf you think of the lesson content or unit plan as having a beginning, middle, and end, graphic organisers can be used during any of these segments.
  • Use graphic organisers to facilitate students’ activation of prior knowledge and to create anticipation for future learning
  • Introduce graphic organisers as new content is being explored.
  • Graphic organisers are effective ways to facilitate review of previously taught materials.
  • Use graphic organisers to teach processes and strategies. Incorporate them into guidelines for writing book reports, show mathematical workings, science investigations, etc.
  • Graphic organisers also be used to help students set goals and organise tasks.

How do I make good use of graphic organisers ?
Initially graphic organisers require alot of class time so do keep in mind the following information:
  • Students’ learning curves as well as your own will be steep. They are not only learning the content, they are also learning how to read the graphic organiser. You will likely find that later, similar lessons require considerably less time because both you and your students have become familiar with the format.
  • Less is more--depth is more. While it may seem like the graphic organiser requires time and effort, without these thinking frames students are not as likely to readily understand or remember for very long the content you are teaching.
  • The rule - keep it simple!
  • Graphic organisers allow you to teach more than just the content. You are also teaching information processing skills, patterns for organising information, analytical and critical thinking skills, as well as communication skills.

The flowchart below will assist with determining the most appropriate graphic organiser to use:
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Who constructs and instructs the graphic organisers?
There are four stages that enable students the ability to eventually use and construct graphic organisers
  1. The teacher provides the students with a copy of the graphic organiser and uses it when teaching the content
  2. Teacher and students co-construct graphic organisers depicting important ideas as the content is explored
  3. Teams of students co-construct gaphic organisers via co-operative learning and the teacher acts as the guide on the side
  4. Students independently use the graphic organisers and are able to apply them to other contexts

What are some of the graphic organisers we can use?


Brainstorm Map
brainstorm map.doc
brainstorm map2.pdf

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Circle Map
circle map 1.doc
circle map2. pdf

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Single Bubble Map
single bubblemap1.doc
single bubblemap2.doc

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Spider Diagram
spider diagram1.doc
Template A
Template B

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Examples 1 2 3
Examples 12
Examples 12
Examples 1 2


Tree Diagram
Template A
Template B
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Concept Map

Template A
Template B

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Venn Diagram
Template A
create own

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Explanation
Mindmap
create own

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Double Bubble Map
double bubblemap1.doc
Template B

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Examples 12
Examples 123
Examples 123
Examples 123
Examples 1 2


Matrix Diagram

Template ATemplate B
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T-charts
Template A
create own

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Timeline Flowchart
Template A
Template B

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Storyboard
Template A
Template B

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Part-Whole Map
Template A
Template B


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Examples 1 2
Examples 1 2
Examples 1 2
Examples 1 2 3
Examples 1 2
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Fishbone Diagram

Template A
Create own


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Systems Diagram
Template A
Template B

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Decision Making Matrix
Template A
create own

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POE
(Predict, Observe, Explain)
Template A
Template B


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Examples 12 3
Examples 12 3
Example 1
Example 1

More graphic organisers to download (Word doc links):
First Question
FOUR EVENT SEQUENCE
SIX EVENT SEQUENCE
Nine Event Sequence
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Supporting reasons-conclusion
Blooming Words and Phrases
Bone Diagram
Boolean
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BRANCHING DIAGRAM 1
BRANCHING DIAGRAM 2
Cause and Effect Chain 1
Cause and Effect 2
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Cause and effect chart
Cause and Effect-Fishbone Map
Multiple Causes for an Effect
Relationship
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Cause and Effect T-Chart
Cause and Effect Web
Compare and contrast 1
Compare and Contrast 2
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Compare and contrast 3
COMPARE ME TO A CHARACTER IN A BOOK
Compare and Contrast 4
Comparison and Contrast reasons
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Compare A, B &C
Reality vs. Fiction
Now and Then T-Chart
Compare and Contrast-Venn Diagram
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Concept Spider
Concept Star
Concept web
5 ELEMENT WEB
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4 Element Web
Look at Me
Consensogram
6 ELEMENT web
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Cycle Sequence
Directions: How to Make...
What Effects can you Find?
Fishbone2
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GENERAL TO SPECIFIC
T CHART FOR IMPROVING WORK HABITS
Issues map
Judging the Internet Sources
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Keyword Search
Knowledge Chart
KWL chart
K-W-L-H
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DIVISION OF LABOR CHART
ORAL PRESENTATION NOTE CARD FORMAT
PMI - Positive Minus Interesting
Problems-Solutions
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Research
Source Card for a Book
PATTERN SPIDER PRE-WRITE
Storyframe for a story
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T-chart
Various Charts
Think, Pair, Share
Three way venn diagram
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TASK AND TIME PLAN
Timeline in Excel
Wedding Cake
What I have Learned
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Who, What, When, Why, and How2
Who, What, When, Where, How1
Y chart

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The following graphic organisers are pdf files that can be printed then written on. In some cases they can also be added to.
42 page pdf file of graphic organisersexternal image 3822_1_l.jpg
ABC Brainstorming
Blank Monthly Calendar
Cause and Effect Chain
Circle Diagram
Clock
Clock Diagram (make own)
Cluster Diagram
Comparison-Contrast Chart
Concept Map (for lesson/unit)
Concept Event Map
Conclusions Chartexternal image 6a00e5509b3be6883401053702a76b970c-800wi
Cycle Diagram (make own)
E-Chart
Evaluation Pyramid
Fishbone Planner
Five W's
Five W's and H
Flowchart
Frayer Model (make own)
Free Form Circle Web
General Organiser
Icecream Cone
KWHL (make own)
KWL Chart
Main Idea and Details Chart
Making Connections
Persuasive Planner
Photo Scrapbook
Pie Chart
Positive-Negative Chart
PMI (make own)
Rank Order Chart
Sandwich
Sensory Details Chart
Sequence Chain
Spider Map
Story Map
Think, Pair, Share
Timeline
Timeline Form
Weekly Journal
What If Chart
Y-Chart (make own)